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Feb 24 2020

5 Common Types of Fuel for Cars

 

Until the fully Electric vehicles introduced in the market, the demand for fuel for vehicles will always increase. The internal combustion engine is designed in such a way that it requires a specific ratio of air and fuel mixture to generate enough power to take the required load of the vehicles, however, ignition system with technology advancement as time passes plays an important role in increasing the efficiency of the engine, with modern ignition system vehicles generate more power and consume less fuel. But there is a major difference on the basis of the type of fuel and ignition system in different types of engines. If you put the wrong fuel in the engine like if you try to use gasoline in the diesel engine, the engine will not be able to handle the blast of the gasoline as a result power of the engine will reduce dramatically and also it will cause permanent damage to the engine.

5 Common Types of Fuel for vehicles:

(1) Gasoline:

Gasoline is a fossil fuel, it produces carbon dioxide as it burns in the internal combustion engine. The carbon dioxide produced by automobiles polluting the atmosphere and increasing global warming. The gasoline is used mostly in average cars or economic vehicles. It is the cheapest type of fuel it fulfills all the energy requirements of an average vehicle. Gasoline has further types depending on the basis of octane number in their chemical structure, higher the octane number gives more efficiency of engine but its price also increases.

(2) Diesel:

Diesel is also another type of fossil fuel but its combustion result produces less carbon dioxide as compared to gasoline fuel. However, it produces more organic compounds and especially nitric oxide which creates smog in winter. Diesel is mostly used in heavy vehicles like buses, tractors and trucks due to diesel engines have high fuel efficiency and last longer than gasoline engines.

(3) Biodiesel:

Biodiesel is also known as environmentally friendly fuel. Instead of being produced from traditional fossil fuel. Biodiesel produce very low amount of carbon dioxide as compared to the traditional diesel. It is produced from organic materials like fatty acids and lipids, other ingredients like soybean oil, palm oil, rapeseed oil, and animal fats.

(4) Ethanol:

Ethanol is also another type of biofuel, which is produced from natural materials like sugar cane, corn, and barley, etc… It is also known as environmentally friendly fuel because its combustion produces a very low amount of carbon emissions but the great thing is that ethanol can be used in normal engines as an additive in gasoline. However, there are some new models of a vehicle comes out in that market that entirely runs on ethanol.

(5) Compressed Natural Gas:

CNG power gasoline engines which are equipped with CNG kit, it is also eco-friendly fuel and does not produce any foul odor. It is 80% less harmful to the ozone layer as compared to the other fuel, but the major issue is the improper distribution of Compressed Natural Gas to Stations in the towns.




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